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Recent Advances in Optical Hydrogen Sensor including Use of Metal and Metal Alloys: A Review

Pathak, A. K., Verma, S., Sakda, N. , Viphavakit, C., Chitaree, R. & Rahman, B. M. A. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2023). Recent Advances in Optical Hydrogen Sensor including Use of Metal and Metal Alloys: A Review. Photonics, 10(2), article number 122. doi: 10.3390/photonics10020122


Optical sensing technologies for hydrogen monitoring are of increasing importance in connection with the development and expanded use of hydrogen and for transition to the hydrogen economy. The past decades have witnessed a rapid development of optical sensors for hydrogen monitoring due to their excellent features of being immune to electromagnetic interference, highly sensitive, and widely applicable to a broad range of applications including gas sensing at the sub-ppm range. However, the selection of hydrogen selective metal and metal alloy plays an important role. Considering the major advancements in the field of optical sensing technologies, this review aims to provide an overview of the recent progress in hydrogen monitoring. Additionally, this review highlights the sensing principles, advantages, limitations, and future development.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Publisher Keywords: dielectric; waveguide; sensors; hydrogen; detection; metal alloy; hydrogen economy; gas sensor
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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