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Reliability Analysis for Finger Movement Recognition With Raw Electromyographic Signal by Evidential Convolutional Networks

Lin, Y., Palaniappan, R., De Wilde, P. & Li, L. ORCID: 0000-0002-4026-0216 (2022). Reliability Analysis for Finger Movement Recognition With Raw Electromyographic Signal by Evidential Convolutional Networks. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 30, pp. 96-107. doi: 10.1109/tnsre.2022.3141593


Hand gesture recognition with surface electromyography (sEMG) is indispensable for Muscle-Gesture-Computer Interface. The usual focus of it is upon performance evaluation involving the accuracy and robustness of hand gesture recognition. However, addressing the reliability of such classifiers has been absent, to our best knowledge. This may be due to the lack of consensus on the definition of model reliability in this field. An uncertainty-aware model has the potential to self-evaluate the quality of its inference, thereby making it more reliable. Moreover, uncertainty-based rejection has been shown to improve the performance of sEMG-based hand gesture recognition. Therefore, we first define model reliability here as the quality of its uncertainty estimation and propose an offline framework to quantify it. To promote reliability analysis, we propose a novel end-to-end uncertainty-aware finger movement classifier, i.e., evidential convolutional neural network (ECNN), and illustrate the advantages of its multidimensional uncertainties such as vacuity and dissonance. Extensive comparisons of accuracy and reliability are conducted on NinaPro Database 5, exercise A, across CNN and three variants of ECNN based on different training strategies. The results of classifying 12 finger movements over 10 subjects show that the best mean accuracy achieved by ECNN is 76.34%, which is slightly higher than the state-of-the-art performance. Furthermore, ECNN variants are more reliable than CNN in general, where the highest improvement of reliability of 19.33% is observed. This work demonstrates the potential of ECNN and recommends using the proposed reliability analysis as a supplementary measure for studying sEMG-based hand gesture recognition.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: CC-BY - IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material. Please follow the instructions via to obtain full-text articles and stipulations in the API documentation.
Publisher Keywords: Reliability, Uncertainty, Gesture recognition, Convolutional neural networks, Measurement uncertainty, Deep learning, Robustness
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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