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Imaging patterns of the arterial supply of the prostate gland in adult Ghanaian men

Jimah, B. B., Sarkodie, B. D., Anim, D. , Brakohiapa, E., Offei, A. K., Idun, E. A., Ohene-Botwe, B. ORCID: 0000-0002-0477-640X, Dzefi-Tettey, K. & Amedi, K. (2023). Imaging patterns of the arterial supply of the prostate gland in adult Ghanaian men. Research in Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, 5, article number 100020. doi: 10.1016/j.redii.2022.100020


Prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) is a novel procedure in West Africa and Ghana. A thorough understanding of the prostate artery's (PA) anatomy and pattern is required for successful prostatic arterial embolization and to guarantee targeted intervention. This study focuses on prostate arterial supply in adult males, including prevalence, variability, and imaging pattern.

A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted, at Euracare Advanced Diagnostics and Heart Centre. Patients who presented for Computed Tomography Angiography of the pelvis were included in the study. A total of 52 males were included and 104 pelvic CT angiography (one for each side) were analyzed, including: prostatic artery diameter, prostatic gland volume and prostate artery branching pattern. The PA branching pattern was classified using de Assis et al. classification.

Thirty-seven (71.15%) men had enlarged prostate volume (>30ml). On each side there was only one prostatic artery and no accessory one was found. Only three types of arterial branching were identified: type I, II,III. The type I artery was the most common origin 58.7% (61/104). PA originating from the anterior division of the internal iliac artery (type II) and the type III is from the internal pudendal artery, accounted for 16.3% (17/104) and 25% (26/104) respectively.

The most frequent type of PA origin was type I followed by type III then II. Knowing the different and most frequent types of anatomy of PA may help standardization and effectiveness of the PAE in developing countries.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Masson SAS on behalf of Société française de radiologie. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Publisher Keywords: Internal iliac artery, Prostate artery, Prostatic arterial embolization, Computed tomography angiography
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DT Africa
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Midwifery & Radiography
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