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Identifying, exploring, and interpreting time series shapes in multivariate time intervals

Shirato, G., Andrienko, N. ORCID: 0000-0002-8574-6295 & Andrienko, G. ORCID: 0000-0002-8574-6295 (2023). Identifying, exploring, and interpreting time series shapes in multivariate time intervals. Visual Informatics, 7(1), pp. 77-91. doi: 10.1016/j.visinf.2023.01.001


We introduce a concept of episode referring to a time interval in the development of a dynamic phenomenon that is characterized by multiple time-variant attributes. A data structure representing a single episode is a multivariate time series. To analyse collections of episodes, we propose an approach that is based on recognition of particular patterns in the temporal variation of the variables within episodes. Each episode is thus represented by a combination of patterns. Using this representation, we apply visual analytics techniques to fulfil a set of analysis tasks, such as investigation of the temporal distribution of the patterns, frequencies of transitions between the patterns in episode sequences, and co-occurrences of patterns of different variables within same episodes. We demonstrate our approach on two examples using real-world data, namely, dynamics of human mobility indicators during the COVID-19 pandemic and characteristics of football team movements during episodes of ball turnover.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Zhejiang University and Zhejiang University Press Co. Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http: //
Publisher Keywords: Temporal patterns, Multivariate time series, Time intervals
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Computer Science > giCentre
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of 1-s2.0-S2468502X23000013-main.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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