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Perception of professionalism in clinical practice among clinical year radiography students in a tertiary institution in Ghana

Anim-Sampong, S., Ohene-Botwe, B. ORCID: 0000-0002-0477-640X, Sarkodie, B. S. , Antwi, W. K. & Sule, D. S. (2023). Perception of professionalism in clinical practice among clinical year radiography students in a tertiary institution in Ghana. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, 54(2), pp. 319-327. doi: 10.1016/j.jmir.2023.03.002

Abstract

Introduction: Professionalism describes the positive attitudes, conduct, aims, values, skills, and behaviours that characterize a profession or a group of professionals. The steady professional growth of radiographers, which begins during undergraduate training, continues to be significantly influenced by education. As professional traits are ingrained in radiography students through official clinical instruction and observations, research on professionalism is necessary to monitor the perception of the subject matter. However, no study on Ghanaian radiography students on professionalism has been conducted. This study's goal was to determine how clinical radiography students at a higher education facility in Ghana viewed the professionalism of radiography practice.

Methods: Sixty-four consenting students in the University of Ghana School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences Level 300 (3rd year) and Level 400 (4th year) of the BSc Diagnostic Radiography and BSc Therapy programmes completed the Pennsylvania State College of Medicine Professionalism Questionnaire (PSCOM-PQ) which was used determine the impacts and challenges to professionalism. Version 23.0 of the Statistical Package for Social Science program (SPSS 23.0) was used to analyze the collected data.

Results: A good sense of professionalism in clinical practice was held by the majority of clinical radiography students. More than 56% of them observed professional practice among the majority of radiographers, contrary to 40.6% of them who witnessed it among only a few radiographers. The students observed both positive and negative effects on the professionalism of radiography practice. As a result, 77.9% of the students said that it was difficult to exhibit professionalism in radiography during their clinical training.

Conclusion: The students agreed that professionalism impacted positively and negatively on radiography practice, and consequently identified to need to address the mitigating challenges to improve the level of professionalism. By this, most of the clinical year students had a better understanding of perceptions of the professionalism of radiography practice.

Implication for Practice
According to the study's findings, clinical students' radiography practice is affected either positively or negatively by their conceptions of professionalism and their adherence to them during the entire training period.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Professionalism, perception, radiography students, radiography, understanding
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Midwifery & Radiography
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Accepted manuscript on Professionalism.pdf] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 13 April 2024 due to copyright restrictions.
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