City Research Online

Two types of wave-current interactions and their effects on extreme waves in directional seas

Wang, J., Ma, Q. ORCID: 0000-0001-5579-6454, Yang, Z. , Gao, J. & Wu, G. (2022). Two types of wave-current interactions and their effects on extreme waves in directional seas. Ocean Engineering, 266(1), article number 112637. doi: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2022.112637


The nonlinear wave-current interactions can influence and change extreme wave probability, spectral characteristics, and average shape of extreme waves significantly (Wang, J., Ma, Q. W., & Yan, S. (2021). On Extreme Waves in Directional Seas with Presence of Oblique Current. Applied Ocean Research, 112, pp. 102586). There are different scenarios of wave-wave interactions in reality. This study identifies two types of wave-current interactions: Type-I (waves propagating from current-negligible region to current-significant region) and Type-II (waves propagating from current-significant region to current-negligible region). The impacts of the two types of wave-current interactions on extreme wave probability and the spectral properties will be investigated by using fully nonlinear potential flow model. The numerical results reveal that the changes in extreme wave probability and spectral properties due to Type-I are more evident than those induced by Type-II. It is recommended that a proper type of wave-current interaction scenario should be selected in the design of the numerical modelling or laboratory experiments for wave-structure interactions to achieve more accurate representations of the local wave climate and flow conditions.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: Rogue waves, Exceedance probability, Nonlinear wave spectra, Phase-resolved simulations, fully nonlinear potential theory
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Extreme wave due to wave-current interactions_v7 sub_r1 used as deposit.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (1MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login