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Effects of high-energy laser peening followed by pre-hot corrosion on stress relaxation, microhardness, and fatigue life and strength of single-crystal nickel CMSX-4® superalloy

Morar, N. ORCID: 0000-0001-9109-8864, Holtham, N., Hackel, L. , Davami, K., Sharma, M., DeWald, A. & Roy, R. (2023). Effects of high-energy laser peening followed by pre-hot corrosion on stress relaxation, microhardness, and fatigue life and strength of single-crystal nickel CMSX-4® superalloy. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 126(11-12), pp. 4893-4912. doi: 10.1007/s00170-023-11358-5


This study investigated the stress relaxation and fatigue life and strength of laser-peened single-crystal nickel superalloy specimens compared to unpeened and shot-peened specimens following hot corrosion exposure and then fatigue testing. The specimens were treated by conventional laser peening and a new cyclic laser peening plus thermal microstructure engineering process. The latter treatment supports the benefit of a unique process involving application of layers of laser peening using high energy with large footprint spots combined with interspersed cyclic annealing. Stress measurements by slitting showed the plastic penetration depth of laser peening exceeded shot peening by a factor of 24. Unpeened and peened specimens were exposed to sulphate corrosives at 700 °C for 300 h and then fatigue tested. Tests of five non-laser-peened specimens all failed in low-cycle fatigue regime, whereas three identically tested laser-peened specimens all achieved multi-million-cycle runout without failure, indicating fully consistent large benefit for life by laser peening. Additional tests also showed fatigue strength improvement of 2:1 by laser peening. Residual stress measurements post hot-corrosion exposure and fatigue testing showed notable 5 mm depth retention of residual eigenstress in a laser-peened specimen.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Publisher Keywords: Laser peening, Fatigue strength, Stress relaxation, Corrosion, Ni-based superalloy
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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