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Subthalamic and pallidal stimulation in Parkinson's disease induce distinct brain topological reconstruction

Chu, C.H., He, N., Zeljic, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-4244-5636 , Zhang, Z., Wang, J., Li, J., Liu, Y., Zhang, Y., Sun, B., Li, D., Yan, F., Zhang, C. & Liu, C. (2022). Subthalamic and pallidal stimulation in Parkinson's disease induce distinct brain topological reconstruction. NeuroImage, 255, article number 119196. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119196


The subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus internus (GPi) are the two most common and effective target brain areas for deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease. Although DBS has been shown to restore functional neural circuits of this disorder, the changes in topological organization associated with active DBS of each target remain unknown. To investigate this, we acquired resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from 34 medication-free patients with Parkinson's disease that had DBS electrodes implanted in either the subthalamic nucleus or internal globus pallidus (n = 17 each), in both ON and OFF DBS states. Sixteen age-matched healthy individuals were used as a control group. We evaluated the regional information processing capacity and transmission efficiency of brain networks with and without stimulation, and recorded how stimulation restructured the brain network topology of patients with Parkinson's disease. For both targets, the variation of local efficiency in motor brain regions was significantly correlated (p < 0.05) with improvement rate of the Uniform Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-III scores, with comparable improvements in motor function for the two targets. However, non-motor brain regions showed changes in topological organization during active stimulation that were target-specific. Namely, targeting the STN decreased the information transmission of association, limbic and paralimbic regions, including the inferior frontal gyrus angle, insula, temporal pole, superior occipital gyri, and posterior cingulate, as evidenced by the simultaneous decrease of clustering coefficient and local efficiency. GPi-DBS had a similar effect on the caudate and lenticular nuclei, but enhanced information transmission in the cingulate gyrus. These effects were not present in the DBS-OFF state for GPi-DBS, but persisted for STN-DBS. Our results demonstrate that DBS to the STN and GPi induce distinct brain network topology reconstruction patterns, providing innovative theoretical evidence for deciphering the mechanism through which DBS affects disparate targets in the human brain.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Publisher Keywords: Deep brain stimulation, Network topology, Parkinson's disease, Resting-state functional mri
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Optometry & Visual Sciences
SWORD Depositor:
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Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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