City Research Online

ODR in the Civil Justice System of Bangladesh: Prospects and Challenges

Zulker Nayeen, M. S. ORCID: 0000-0001-5242-8728 (2023). ODR in the Civil Justice System of Bangladesh: Prospects and Challenges. Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, 20(1), pp. 104-126.


The judiciary of Bangladesh is overburdened with a huge case backlog (currently about 3.63 million, where nearly 1.54 million are civil cases). It still operates in traditional ways, with limited or no use of technology. Consequently, the justice delivery process in Bangladesh is not economical regarding cost and time effectiveness. To address these issues, Bangladesh adopted and developed a system of court-annexed mediation in 2003, but it did little to change the situation. Hence, the government is actively considering moving towards e-judiciary, for which the COVID-19 pandemic also served as a push factor. Given this context, the article has assessed the prospects of introducing Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) in the formal justice system of Bangladesh, having its socioeconomic realities in context. In doing so, this research has investigated the economic and commercial benefits of ODR. It has also developed the normative framework of ODR, analysing the experiences from the States of Utah, British Columbia, and the UK, where ODR got some developments. Then, the study assessed the prospects and challenges of introducing ODR in Bangladesh based on the proposed normative framework.

Publication Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia
J Political Science > JX International law
K Law > K Law (General)
Departments: The City Law School > Academic Programmes
The City Law School > International Law and Affairs Group
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of MJIEL Vol 20 Iss 1 - ZULKER & UDDIN.pdf]
Text - Published Version
Download (636kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login