City Research Online

Living with Opaque Technologies: Insights for AI from Digital Simulations

Cacciatori, E. ORCID: 0000-0001-6229-7266, Fenoglio, E. & Kazim, E. (2023). Living with Opaque Technologies: Insights for AI from Digital Simulations. In: Proceedings of the 2nd European Workshop on Algorithmic Fairness. EWAF’23: European Workshop on Algorithmic Fairness, 7-9 Jun 2023, Winterthur, Switzerland.


This study explores transparency challenges in algorithmic fairness. After reviewing progress in technical and regulatory transparency, we suggest that some level of opacity is inherent to AI systems. Drawing on the relational approach and Polanyi’s work on tacit knowledge, we propose studying how society has dealt with other opaque technologies. Using digital simulation modeling as an example, we discuss the similarities and differences between simulations and AI systems in terms of accuracy and transparency. Further research is recommended to advance algorithmic fairness and responsible practices.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2023 Copyright for this paper by its authors. Use permitted under Creative Commons License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).
Publisher Keywords: AI ethics, AI transparency, digital simulations, algorithmic fairness, responsible algorithms
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Departments: Bayes Business School > Management
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