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Telehealth Awareness, Perception, Practice, and Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Questionnaire to Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists

Binkhamis, G., Perugia, E. & Alyahya, R. S. W. ORCID: 0000-0002-2766-2915 (2023). Telehealth Awareness, Perception, Practice, and Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Questionnaire to Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists. Telemedicine and e-Health, 30(1), pp. 223-233. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2023.0208


Introduction: The objective of this work was to investigate Speech-Language Pathologists' (SLPs) and audiologists' telehealth awareness, experience, and perception in terms of applicability, effectiveness, barriers, facilitators, and the influence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on telehealth practice.

Methods: A questionnaire was developed and validated based on relevant literature, authors' clinical expertise, and a published survey. Sample size was determined through power analysis, and participants were recruited using a snowball-sampling technique.

Results: Ninety-five (n = 95) clinicians completed a survey. A majority (87.4%) reported awareness of and 68.4% reported experience with telehealth. The SLPs (86.4%) had more experience than audiologists (38.9%). Overall, 78.5% first used telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic, with no significant difference in telehealth use during versus after the pandemic lockdown; 63.8% reported telehealth being less effective than in-person. However, there were differences in perceived telehealth effectiveness: Telehealth was significantly more effective for consultations and counseling, with adults aged 18-40 years; and clients with fluency and speech sound disorders. The highest significant barrier to telehealth delivery was network issues, and available workplace resources was the highest facilitator although this was not significant.

Conclusions: Most clinicians were aware of telehealth, had a positive attitude toward it, and had experience using telehealth. More SLPs than audiologists used telehealth. The COVID-19 pandemic had a positive influence on telehealth service provision with an increase in use that was maintained after in-person services were re-initiated. Perceived effectiveness of telehealth services varied depending on the type of clinical service, the client's age, and diagnosis. These factors must be considered while planning telehealth services in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright 2023, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
Publisher Keywords: telehealth, telemedicine, tele-audiology, speech language pathology
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Language & Communication Science
SWORD Depositor:
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