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Corneal astigmatic outcomes after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with surface penetrating arcuate keratotomies

Stanojcic, N., O'Brart, D., Hull, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-2205-4443 , Wagh, V., Azan, E., Bhogal, M., Robbie, S. & Li, J-P. O. (2023). Corneal astigmatic outcomes after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with surface penetrating arcuate keratotomies. International Journal of Ophthalmology, 16(7), pp. 1084-1092. doi: 10.18240/ijo.2023.07.13


AIM: To evaluate corneal astigmatic outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted arcuate keratotomies (FAKs) combined with femtosecond-laser assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) over 12mo follow-up.

METHODS: Totally 145 patients with bilateral cataracts and no ocular co-morbidities were recruited to a single-centre, single-masked, prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing two monofocal hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses. Eyes with corneal astigmatism (CA) of >0.8 dioptres (D) received unpaired, unopened, surface penetrating FAKs at the time of FLACS. Visual acuity, subjective refraction and Scheimpflug tomography were recorded at 1, 6, and 12mo. Alpins vectoral analyses were performed.

RESULTS: Fifty-one patients (61 eyes), mean age 68.2±9.6y [standard deviation (SD)], received FAKs. Sixty eyes were available for analysis, except at 12mo when 59 attended. There were no complications due to FAKs. Mean pre-operative CA was 1.13±0.20 D. There was a reduction of astigmatism at all post-operative visits (residual CA 1mo: 0.85±0.42 D, P=0.0001; 6mo: 0.86±0.35 D, P=0001; and 12mo: 0.90±0.39, P=0.0001). Alpins indices remained stable over 12mo. Overall, the cohort was under-corrected at all time points. At 12mo, 61% of eyes were within ±15 degrees of pre-operative astigmatic meridian.

CONCLUSION: Unpaired unopened penetrating FAKs combined with on-axis phacoemulsification are safe but minimally effective. CA is largely under-corrected in this cohort using an existing unmodified nomogram. The effect of arcuate keratotomies on CA remained stable over 12mo.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: femtosecond; cataract surgery; astigmatic keratotomy; laser cataract surgery; femtosecond-laser assisted cataract surgery; arcuate keratotomy
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Optometry & Visual Sciences
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