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Sensor for simultaneous measurement of temperature and humidity based on a chirped fiber Bragg grating partially bonded with thick polyimide film

Guan, Y., Zhang, T., Dong, X. , Sun, T. ORCID: 0000-0003-3861-8933 & Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832 (2023). Sensor for simultaneous measurement of temperature and humidity based on a chirped fiber Bragg grating partially bonded with thick polyimide film. IEEE Sensors Journal, doi: 10.1109/jsen.2023.3312067

Abstract

This paper presents a compact fiber-optic sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating (FBG), partially bonded with thick polyimide (PI) films, for the simultaneous measurement of humidity and temperature. Half of the grating was attached to the PI film, while the rest of the grating remained bare. When the sensor was exposed to humidity and temperature changes, a significant non-uniform stress distribution was introduced along the entire grating. The chirp effect occurs, which causes the main peak of the spectrum to split into different peaks. Depending on the wavelength shift of these different peaks, simultaneous measurement of temperature and humidity could be achieved by solving a matrix equation. This is the first time that such a thick PI film-based FBG sensor has been used for humidity and temperature monitoring. The benefit of the approach is that the sub-millimeter thickness of the PI film is at least one order of magnitude greater than that of the traditional PI coating used in such sensors. The proposed sensing structure with PI films enhances the sensor response to both humidity and temperature significantly. The humidity and temperature sensitivity are achieved as 13.70 pm/%RH and 19.12 pm/°C, respectively, in the experiment.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Temperature sensors, Temperature measurement, Sensors, Humidity, Fiber gratings, Optical fiber sensors, Gratings
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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