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Decriminalising Rap Beat by Beat Two Questions in Search of Answers

Fatsis, L. ORCID: 0000-0002-3082-951X (2023). Decriminalising Rap Beat by Beat Two Questions in Search of Answers. In: Peters, E. (Ed.), Music in Crime, Resistance, and Identity. (pp. 63-77). Abingdon, Oxford: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781003186410-6


Rap music is frequently summoned to stand trial for glorifying violence, glamourising outlaw lifestyles and causing ‘crime’. Perceived as dangerous, rap is pursued and processed as such by the police, prosecutors and judges without interrogating the prejudicial assumptions that lead to its discriminatory suppression. Taking up two recurring questions in debates on rap — ‘isn’t it violent’? , ‘isn’t it misogynistic’? — this chapter challenges stereotypical associations between rap music and ‘criminality’, reintroducing it instead as music to be appreciated against, beyond and outside law enforcement narratives that criminalise rap, while normalising violence in other aspects of cultural and socio-political life.

Publication Type: Book Section
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in Music in Crime, Resistance, and Identity on 10 Feb 2023, available online:
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
M Music and Books on Music
Departments: School of Policy & Global Affairs > Sociology & Criminology
[thumbnail of LFatsis_Chapter.pdf] Text - Accepted Version
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