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Typology of Mental Health Peer Support Work Components: Systematised Review and Expert Consultation

Kotera, Y., Newby, C., Charles, A. , Ng, F., Watson, E., Davidson, L., Nixdorf, R., Bradstreet, S., Brophy, L., Brasier, C., Simpson, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-3286-9846, Gillard, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-9686-2232, Puschner, B., Kidd, S. A., Mahlke, C., Sutton, A. J., Gray, L. J., Smith, E. A., Ashmore, A., Pomberth, S. & Slade, M. (2023). Typology of Mental Health Peer Support Work Components: Systematised Review and Expert Consultation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, doi: 10.1007/s11469-023-01126-7


The employment of mental health peer support (PS) is recommended in national and international mental health policy, and widely implemented across many countries. The key components of PS remain to be identified. This study aimed to develop a typology of components involved in one-to-one PS for adults in mental health services. A systematised review was performed to establish a preliminary long list of candidate components, followed by expert consultation (n = 21) to refine the list. Forty-two publications were full-text reviewed, comprising 26 trial reports, nine training manuals, and seven change model papers. Two hundred forty-two candidate components were identified, which were thematically synthesised to 16 components and eight sub-components, categorised into four themes: recruitment, preparation, practice, and PS worker wellbeing. Our typology can inform reflection and planning of PS practice, and allow more rigorous and synthesised studies, such as component network meta-analyses, to characterise the impact of each component and their interactions.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Publisher Keywords: Typology, Peer support work, Systematised review, Mental health, Expert consultation, Components
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Nursing
SWORD Depositor:
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