City Research Online

A conceptual framework for culturally appropriate advocacy with racialised groups

Salla, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-7481-2795, Newbigging, K., Joseph, D. & Eneje, E. (2023). A conceptual framework for culturally appropriate advocacy with racialised groups. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 14, article number 1173591. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2023.1173591


Independent mental health advocacy was introduced in England to protect and promote the rights of people detained under mental health legislation. However, shortcomings in access and delivery to racialised people, raising concerns about equity, were identified by a review of the Mental Health Act. The development of culturally appropriate advocacy was recommended. While the term culturally appropriate may be taken for granted it is poorly defined and limited efforts have conceptualized it in relation to advocacy. Ideally, advocacy operates as a liberatory practice to challenge epistemic injustice, which people experiencing poor mental health are at acute risk of. This is amplified for people from racialised communities through systemic racism. This paper argues that advocacy and culturally appropriate practices are especially relevant to racialised people. It clarifies the importance of culture, race and racism to the role of advocacy, and understanding advocacy through the conceptual lens of epistemic injustice. A central aim of the paper is to draw on and appraise cultural competency models to develop a conceptual framing of cultural appropriate advocacy to promote epistemic justice.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023 Salla, Newbigging, Joseph and Eneje. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Publisher Keywords: epistemic injustice, advocacy, culturally appropriate, mental health legislation, race, ethnicity, social justice, independent mental health advocacy
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Nursing
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of A conceptual framework for culturally appropriate advocacy with racialised groups.pdf]
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (404kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login