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Classification of Motor Imagery EEG Signals Based on Deep Autoencoder and Convolutional Neural Network Approach

Hwaidi, J. F. & Chen, T. ORCID: 0000-0001-8037-1685 (2022). Classification of Motor Imagery EEG Signals Based on Deep Autoencoder and Convolutional Neural Network Approach. IEEE Access, 10, pp. 48071-48081. doi: 10.1109/access.2022.3171906


The technology of the brain-computer interface (BCI) employs electroencephalogram (EEG) signals to establish direct interaction between the human body and its surroundings with promising applications in medical rehabilitative services and cognitive science. Deep learning approaches, particularly the detection and analysis of motor imagery signals using convolutional neural network (CNN) frameworks have produced outstanding results in the BCI system in recent years. The complex process of data representation, on the other hand, limits practical applications, and the end-to-end approach reduces the accuracy of recognition. Moreover, since noise and other signal sources can interfere with brain electrical capacitance, EEG classifiers are difficult to improve and have limited generalisation ability. To address these issues, this paper proposes a new approach for EEG motor imagery signal classification by using a variational autoencoder to remove noise from the signals, followed by a combination of deep autoencoder (DAE) and a CNN architecture to classify EEG motor imagery signals which is capable of training a deep neural network to replicate its input to output using encoding and decoding operations. Experimental results show that the proposed approach for motor imagery EEG signal classification is feasible and that it outperforms current CNN-based approaches and several traditional machine learning approaches.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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