City Research Online

Outcome measures from international older adult care home intervention research: a scoping review

Kelly, S., Cowan, A., Akdur, G. , Irvine, L., Peryer, G., Welsh, S., Rand, S., Lang, I. A., Towers, A-M., Spilsbury, K., Killett, A., Gordon, A. L., Hanratty, B., Jones, L., Meyer, J. ORCID: 0000-0001-5378-2761, Goodman, C. & Burton, J. K. (2023). Outcome measures from international older adult care home intervention research: a scoping review. Age and Ageing, 52(5), doi: 10.1093/ageing/afad069


BACKGROUND: Care homes are increasingly important settings for intervention research to enhance evidence-informed care. For such research to demonstrate effectiveness, it is essential that measures are appropriate for the population, setting and practice contexts.

OBJECTIVE: To identify care home intervention studies and describe the resident outcome measures used.

DESIGN: Scoping review.

METHODS: We reviewed international care home research published from 2015 to August 2022. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and ASSIA. We included any intervention study conducted in a care home, reporting resident outcomes. We extracted resident outcome measures, organised these using the domains of an adapted framework and described their use.

RESULTS: From 7,330 records screened, we included 396 datasets reported in 436 publications. These included 12,167 care homes and 836,842 residents, with an average of 80 residents per study. The studies evaluated 859 unique resident outcomes 2,030 times using 732 outcome measures. Outcomes were evaluated between 1 and 112 times, with 75.1% of outcomes evaluated only once. Outcome measures were used 1-120 times, with 68.4% of measures used only once. Only 14 measures were used ≥20 times. Functional status, mood & behaviour and medications were the commonest outcome domains assessed. More than half of outcomes were assessed using scales, with a fifth using existing records or administrative data.

CONCLUSIONS: There is significant heterogeneity in the choice and assessment of outcomes for intervention research in care homes. There is an urgent need to develop a consensus on useful and sensitive tools for care homes, working with residents, families and friends and staff.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publisher Keywords: care home, homes for the aged, long-term care, outcome measures, core outcome set, older people
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Nursing
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of afad069.pdf]
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (909kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login