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Maternal satisfaction with group care: a systematic review

Sadiku, F., Bucinca, H., Talrich, F. , Molliqaj, V., Selmani, E., McCourt, C. ORCID: 0000-0003-4765-5795, Rijnders, M., Little, G., Goodman, D. C., Rising, S. S. & Hoxha, I. (2024). Maternal satisfaction with group care: a systematic review. AJOG Global Reports, 4(1), article number 100301. doi: 10.1016/j.xagr.2023.100301


This review examined the quantitative relationship between group care and overall maternal satisfaction compared with standard individual care.

We searched CINAHL, Clinical Trials, The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases from the beginning of 2003 through June 2023.

We included studies that reported the association between overall maternal satisfaction and centering-based perinatal care where the control group was standard individual care. We included randomized and observational designs.

Screening and independent data extraction were carried out by 4 researchers. We extracted data on study characteristics, population, design, intervention characteristics, satisfaction measurement, and outcome. Quality assessment was performed using the Cochrane tools for Clinical Trials (RoB2) and observational studies (ROBINS-I). We summarized the study, intervention, and satisfaction measurement characteristics. We presented the effect estimates of each study descriptively using a forest plot without performing an overall meta-analysis. Meta-analysis could not be performed because of variations in study designs and methods used to measure satisfaction. We presented studies reporting mean values and odds ratios in 2 separate plots. The presentation of studies in forest plots was organized by type of study design.

A total of 7685 women participated in the studies included in the review. We found that most studies (ie, 17/20) report higher satisfaction with group care than standard individual care. Some of the noted results are lower satisfaction with group care in both studies in Sweden and 1 of the 2 studies from Canada. Higher satisfaction was present in 14 of 15 studies reporting CenteringPregnancy, Group Antenatal Care (1 study), and Adapted CenteringPregnancy (1 study). Although indicative of higher maternal satisfaction, the results are often based on statistically insignificant effect estimates with wide confidence intervals derived from small sample sizes.

The evidence confirms higher maternal satisfaction with group care than with standard care. This likely reflects group care methodology, which combines clinical assessment, facilitated health promotion discussion, and community-building opportunities. This evidence will be helpful for the implementation of group care globally.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Publisher Keywords: CenteringPregnancy, Connecting Pregnancy, Expect With Me, G-ANC, Group Based Antenatal Care, Pregnancy Circles, antenatal care, group care, perinatal care, postnatal care, prenatal care, quality of care, satisfaction
Subjects: R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences
School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Midwifery & Radiography
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of GC1000 satisfaction review.pdf]
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Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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