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On the representation of minimal form factors in integrable quantum field theory

Castro-Alvaredo, O. A. ORCID: 0000-0003-1876-7341, Negro, S. & Szécsényi, I. M. (2024). On the representation of minimal form factors in integrable quantum field theory. Nuclear Physics B, 1000, article number 116459. doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2024.116459


In this paper, we propose a new representation of the minimal form factors in integrable quantum field theories. These are solutions of the two-particle form factor equations, which have no poles on the physical sheet. Their expression constitutes the starting point for deriving higher particle form factors and, from these, the correlation functions of the theory. As such, minimal form factors are essential elements in the analysis of integrable quantum field theories. The proposed new representation arises from our recent study of form factors in-perturbed theories, where we showed that the minimal form factors decompose into elementary building blocks. Here, focusing on the paradigmatic sinh-Gordon model, we explicitly express the standard integral representation of the minimal form factor as a combination of infinitely many elementary terms, each representing the minimal form factor of a generalised perturbation of the free fermion. Our results can be readily extended to other integrable quantum field theories and open various relevant questions and discussions, from the efficiency of numerical methods in evaluating correlation functions to the foundational question of what constitutes a “reasonable” choice for the minimal form factor.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QC Physics
Departments: School of Science & Technology
School of Science & Technology > Mathematics
SWORD Depositor:
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