City Research Online

Design of uncomplicated triangular core PCF for enhanced non-linearity applications

Uthman, M. & Rahman, B. M. A. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2024). Design of uncomplicated triangular core PCF for enhanced non-linearity applications. e-Prime - Advances in Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Energy, 8, article number 100509. doi: 10.1016/


An innovative design of Photonic Crystal Fibre (PCF) for enhanced non-linearity applications using simulation with the Finite Element Method (FEM) is presented. The PCF is a kind of fibre optic waveguide that has air-holes along the entire length of the optical fibre, which exploits its exclusive features of being continuously single-moded and having a modifiable spot-size and dispersion properties for various linear and non-linear applications. This proposed triangular core PCF is made of silica material with a refractive index of 1.445 and features three large air-holes placed 120° apart in the core, each with a refractive index of 1.00. The air-holes have a pitch length of 6.03 μm and a radius of 2.86 μm, and the wavelength of operation is 1.55 μm. The proposed PCF design has a large diameter to pitch ratio (d/Λ) of up to 0.95, resulting in a reduced spot-size of just above 1.00 μm2. This indicates that the proposed triangular core PCF design could be used to enhance non-linearity applications. This study introduces a novel structure that simplifies construction by employing three strategically positioned large air-holes in the cladding, thus achieving the necessary properties for guiding light through the core. This streamlined approach overcomes complexities associated with previous designs from the literature, hence, offering a practical solution for effective light guidance while minimising construction difficulties. This inventive proposed PCF design can be fabricated using the Stack and Draw process or the slurry casting method.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( nc-nd/4.0/).
Publisher Keywords: PCF, Non-linearity, Photonics, Stack and draw, Photonic crystal fibre
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology
School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of 1-s2.0-S2772671124000913-main.pdf]
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (2MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login