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Numerical simulation of wave-floater interactions using ISPH_GNN trained on data for wave-only cases

Ma, Q. ORCID: 0000-0001-5579-6454, Zhang, N., Yan, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-8968-6616 & Li, Q. (2024). Numerical simulation of wave-floater interactions using ISPH_GNN trained on data for wave-only cases. Ocean Engineering, 306, article number 118041. doi: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2024.118041


As a mesh-free approach, the incompressible Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (ISPH) method has been often used for simulating wave-structure interaction problems. In the conventional ISPH method, the pressure-projection phase of solving the pressure Poisson's equation (PPE) is the most time-consuming. In recent years, the machine learning (ML) techniques has gradually shown their potential in accelerating the computational fluid dynamics. In this paper, the graph neural network (GNN) supported ISPH method (ISPH_GNN), in which the GNN replaces solving the PPE for the fluid pressure in the conventional ISPH, is adopted for numerical simulations of wave-floater interactions. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first work to study the wave-floater interactions by using GNN supported ISPH method. More importantly, this paper demonstrates that the GNN trained only on data for simpler wave-only cases (i.e. no structure in the wave fields) can be satisfactorily applied to the cases for wave-floater interactions. More specifically, the paper will show this by using the ISPH_GNN with such trained GNN model to simulate various different cases, including the decay tests of a box, a floating box subjected to a wave, the interaction between wave and a moored floating breakwater and the violent green water impact on a floating structure. In most of the cases, the numerical results are validated by comparing with experimental data. Agreement between them is surprisingly satisfactory, being as good as those obtained by the conventional ISPH. The paper will also show that the ISPH_GNN requires much less computational time (97 times less for the cases concerned) than the conventional ISPH for estimating pressure involved in wave-floater interactions. This reveals a great potential that one can train the GNN using the datasets for simpler cases and then use the ISPH_GNN to simulate wave-floater interaction problems.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: © 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology
School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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