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CFD Analysis of Leakage Flow in Radial Tip Gap of Roots Blower

Bikramaditya, N., Rane, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-8732-2242, Kovacevic, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-8732-2242 & Patel, B. (2024). CFD Analysis of Leakage Flow in Radial Tip Gap of Roots Blower. In: Read, M., Rane, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-8732-2242, Ivkovic-Kihic, I. & Kovacevic, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-8732-2242 (Eds.), 13th International Conference on Compressors and Their Systems (ICCS 2023). 13th International Conference on Compressors and Their Systems, 11-13 Sep 2023, London, UK. doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-42663-6_4


A Roots Blower is rotary positive displacement machine, commonly used for low pressure applications [3]. However, the gaps between the rotors and the housing are the main source of volumetric inefficiency and are required to be minimised. This has limits due to thermal expansion of compressor elements. Improvements can also be done by minimising leakage flows using different configurations of rotor tip profiles for which careful analysis is required. An optical Roots Blower from Howden is being investigated using experimental and numerical tools for the effects of heat transfer and tip geometry on leakage of gas. To closely study the leakage through the clearance gaps, a 2D simplification (Fig. 1b) of this 3D model is proposed in this paper. A local flow is evaluated in steady and transient state conditions using only through the tip leakage gap between the rotor and the housing on one rotor lobe. Using data from PIV measurements, the base tip design on the rotor profile is analysed and used for validation of the 2D model. Following this, variants of the tip-shape, namely equal-cavity and unequal-cavity tip profiles with alterations, have been numerically evaluated. These results will help in implementation of such a tip profile design in conventional oil free twin screw compressors to meet demands of efficiency improvements.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Publisher Keywords: CFD, PIV, Roots Blower, Leakage, Clearance, PR (Pressure Ratio)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology
School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of 13th-International-conference-Roots-blower-NeerajBikramaditya_v1.pdf] Text - Accepted Version
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