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The Development of Narcissism

Green, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-4683-0793 & Day, N. (2024). The Development of Narcissism. In: Research Handbook on the Dark Triad. . Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.


Narcissism is a complex multifaceted construct spanning from grandiose to vulnerable features. Grandiose narcissistic attributes encompass overt superiority, exhibition of self-aggrandising tendencies, preoccupation with omnipotence, and a sense of authority. In contrast, core vulnerable features consist of hypervigilance, neuroticism, shame, hypersensitivity, and low self-esteem. Narcissistic development occurs in the context of a myriad of factors, including environmental, biological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of these factors in the origins of narcissism. Accordingly, the clinical theories which underpin the environmental roots of narcissism will be outlined, before proceeding to review the related literature for each developmental factor. This chapter concludes with recommendations for future research directions based on methodological limitations identified, particularly concerning the need for rigorous assessments that comprehensively capture the origins of narcissism in females.

Publication Type: Book Section
Additional Information: This is a draft chapter. The final version will be available in Research Handbook on the Dark Triad edited by Kostas A. Papageorgiou, to be published in 2024, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd
Publisher Keywords: narcissism, origins, gender, environment, evolution, biology, sociocultural
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences
School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of GreenDay_2024_Dev_Narcissism_Accepted.pdf] Text - Accepted Version
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