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A theory of multivariate stress testing

Millossovich, P., Tsanakas, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-4552-5532 & Wang, R. (2024). A theory of multivariate stress testing. European Journal of Operational Research, doi: 10.1016/j.ejor.2024.06.002

Abstract

We present a theoretical framework for stressing multivariate stochastic models. We consider a stress to be a change of measure, placing a higher weight on multivariate scenarios of interest. In particular, a stressing mechanism is a mapping from random vectors to Radon-Nikodym densities. We postulate desirable properties for stressing mechanisms addressing alternative objectives. Consistently with our focus on dependence, we require throughout invariance to monotonic transformations of risk factors. We study in detail the properties of two families of stressing mechanisms, based respectively on mixtures of univariate stresses and on transformations of statistics we call Spearman and Kendall’s cores. Furthermore, we characterize the aggregation properties of those stressing mechanisms, which motivate their use in deriving new capital allocation methods, with properties different to those typically found in the literature. The proposed methods are applied to stress testing and capital allocation, using the simulation model of a UK-based non-life insurer.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2024. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Dependence, probability distortion, risk measure, sensitivity analysis, stress testing, systemic risk
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Departments: Bayes Business School
Bayes Business School > Actuarial Science & Insurance
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of MultivariateStressing_accepted (002).pdf] Text - Accepted Version
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