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Cost optimized multipath transmission of bursty video traffic in 5G multi-access network architecture

Amend, M. (2023). Cost optimized multipath transmission of bursty video traffic in 5G multi-access network architecture. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City, University of London)


In modern multiservice networks, with terminals equipped with multiple network interfaces, there is a clear trend to move from the dominating single path transport towards multipath. There are obvious benefits of the multipath service delivery – these include better resilience and improved throughput - and the standardization of multipath transport protocols MP-TCP, Multi-path Datagram Congestion Control Protocol (MP-DCCP), Multi-path Quick UDP
Internet Connections (MP-QUIC) and their usage in the 3GPP rel. 16 (and beyond) 5G ATSSS (Access Traffic Splitting, Steering and Switching) multipath framework pave the way for broad implementation. While the field of traffic distribution algorithms for multipath transport is subject of extensive research, this work addresses the challenge of cost-based optimisation of scheduling in the multipath 3GPP ATSSS context. The work demonstrates that there is a major conflict for the Video-on-Demand (VoD) traffic between the achievable Quality of Experience (QoE) and the consumed multipath resources when a simple path prioritization algorithm – e.g. the Cheapest-Path-First (CPF) – is used to direct traffic. Using real network and testbed measurements and months of trials with mobile phone users, this work shows that for Video-on-Demand (VoD) in multipath up to 90% of the expensive path resources are consumed while QoE does not take any advantage from this, primarily because of the natural burstiness of the VoD traffic. The work then proposes a novel service transparent and lightweight Cost-Optimized-Multipath (COM) traffic scheduling algorithm. Using extensive measurement of YouTube video streams and an MP-TCP implementation of the COM scheduler, this work demonstrates that – by finding the right balance between the QoE and the incurred costs - the new scheduler can provide better QoE compared to the single path transport, while eliminating the spurious resource consumption on the expensive path.

Publication Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
School of Science & Technology > School of Science & Technology Doctoral Theses
Doctoral Theses
[thumbnail of Amend thesis 2023 PDF-A.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
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