City Research Online

Experimental investigation into the aerodynamic and aeroacoustic performance of bioinspired small-scale propeller planforms

Moslem, F., Masdari, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-1159-2406, Fedir, K. & Moslem, B. (2022). Experimental investigation into the aerodynamic and aeroacoustic performance of bioinspired small-scale propeller planforms. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 237(1), pp. 75-90. doi: 10.1177/09544100221091322


The multi-rotors have a limited operational period and generate too much noise, which is insufficient for complex tasks and adversely affects humans’ and animals’ health. Nevertheless, their market has become increasingly popular. Therefore, low-noise products are more competitive, and aerodynamic and acoustic improvements are critical. This investigation aims to design a small bioinspired propeller with the same power input as a conventional propeller to achieve the same or better aerodynamic performance while decreasing noise. Accordingly, an experiment investigated the impacts of operation conditions and varied geometric parameters on six small propellers' aeroacoustic performances with a unique planform shape inspired by five insects and one plant seed, such as Blattodea, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Neuroptera, Odonata, and maple seed. Each propeller was operated at eleven rotational speeds ranging from 3000 to 8000 RPM with no freestream velocity for simulating hover conditions. Compared to the baseline propeller, the results demonstrate that all bioinspired propellers produce more thrust for the same power supply, reduce harmonic and broadband noise, and provide a better noise level. Also, their rotational speed is lower and their figure of merit is higher than the baseline propeller at hover flight with 3N thrust. They all outperform the baseline propeller in terms of hover efficiency at all thrust values considered. Besides, the Neuroptera propeller is more efficient than other propellers, decreasing 5.5 W of power and reducing 7.9 dBA at hover flight with 3N thrust and 1.5 meters distance, compared to the baseline propeller.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © IMechE 2022. Reuse is restricted to non-commercial and no derivative uses.
Publisher Keywords: Aeroacoustics, aerodynamic performance, propeller, insect bioinspiration, planform
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology
School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Experimental Investigation into the Aerodynamic and Aeroacoustic Performance of Bioinspired Small-Scale Propeller Planforms.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Download (1MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login