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Spontaneous expression classification in the encrypted domain

Aina, S., Rahulamathavan, Y., Phan, R. C. W. & Chambers, J. A. (2012). Spontaneous expression classification in the encrypted domain. Paper presented at the 9th IMA International Conference on Mathematics in Signal Processing, 17 December - 20 December 2012, Birmingham, UK.


To date, most facial expression analysis have been based on posed image databases and is carried out without being able to protect the identity of the subjects whose expressions are being recognised. In this paper, we propose and implement a system for classifying facial expressions of images in the encrypted domain based on a Paillier cryptosystem implementation of Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis and k-nearest neighbour (FLDA + kNN). We present results of experiments carried out on a recently developed natural visible and infrared facial expression (NVIE) database of spontaneous images. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first system that will allow the recog-nition of encrypted spontaneous facial expressions by a remote server on behalf of a client.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Publisher Keywords: Expression classification, spontaneous expression, encrypted domain, Fisher discriminant analysis
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Mathematics
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