City Research Online

Minors and Gambling Regulation

Carran, M. (2013). Minors and Gambling Regulation. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 4(4), pp. 509-520.


Early initiation of gambling has been argued to be closely correlated with placing players at higher risk of developing problem gambling behaviour in the future. The vast majority of jurisdictions, including Great Britain, attempts to eliminate minors’ access to gambling by making it illegal and by requiring gambling providers to adopt strict age-verification procedures. Despite those measures minors continue to successfully access gambling. This paper demonstrates that British legal framework suffers from many statutory loopholes. It considers weaknesses in the regulatory offences as well as enforcement deficiencies. It further highlights how the differences between black letter law, political rhetoric and practical application undermine the strength of the prohibition of gambling by minors.

Publication Type: Article
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Departments: The City Law School
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