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The Bermuda Agreement on Telecommunications 1945

Collins, R. (2012). The Bermuda Agreement on Telecommunications 1945. Media History, 18(2), pp. 191-205. doi: 10.1080/13688804.2012.663869


The end of the Second World War saw global telecommunications governance renegotiated. The dominant British Imperial (later Commonwealth) network experienced multiple changes: the tightly integrated and collaborative imperial governance system fell away as the governing partners increasingly pursued their own, rather than a collective agendas and as the ‘imperial’ company, Cable and Wireless', dominance gave way to a competition and interconnection based regime as American firms and their networks entered markets hitherto closed to them. Though key elements of the Bermuda Telecommunications Agreement 1945 were soon to be renegotiated, the Bermuda Conference, at which the imperial partners and the new hegemonic power, the USA, bargained, was the fulcrum transitional event. Drawing on archival sources (notably in Canada and the UK) the author tells of the tensions within the fragmenting Imperial partnership, of an American mix of interest and idealism and of this episode in telecommunications liberalisation foreshadowing later changes.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Media History on 27 Feb 2012, available online:
Publisher Keywords: Telecommunications, British Empire, United States, Post WWII, liberalisation, governance.
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
J Political Science > JZ International relations
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: The City Law School
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