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Invariance of cognitive triage in the development of recall in adulthood

Marche, T. A., Howe, M. L., Lane, D. G. , Owre, K. P. & Briere, J. L. (2009). Invariance of cognitive triage in the development of recall in adulthood. Memory, 17(5), pp. 518-527. doi: 10.1080/09658210902939355


Past research has demonstrated that cognitive triage (weak-strong-weak recall pattern) is a robust effect that optimises children's recall. The aim of the current research was to determine whether adults’ free recall also exhibits triage and whether cognitive triage is less marked with older than younger adults’ recall. Younger and older adults memorised 16 unrelated words until all items were recalled perfectly. The triage pattern existed for both the younger and older adults’ recall and there was evidence for age differences in triage. Our results are consistent with claims of greater verbatim forgetting and increased susceptibility to output interference with age in adulthood. Further research is needed to determine whether fuzzy-trace theory adequately explains the ageing of triage and what factors play a role in the development of this pattern of recall in adulthood.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Memory on 22 June 2009, available online:
Publisher Keywords: Cognitive triage, Adult memory development, Free recall
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor:
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