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A practice-oriented model for pushover analysis of a class of timber-framed masonry buildings

Kouris, L.A.S. & Kappos, A. J. (2014). A practice-oriented model for pushover analysis of a class of timber-framed masonry buildings. Engineering Structures, 75, pp. 489-506. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2014.06.012


Timber-Framed (TF) masonry is a structural system characterized by high complexity and diversity. Limited experimental and analytical research has been carried out so far to explore their earthquake response, partly due to the complexity of the problem and partly due to the scarcity of TF buildings across the world. Here, a new practice-oriented non-linear (NL) macro-model is presented for TF masonry structures, based on the familiar diagonal strut approach with NL axial hinges in the struts. The constitutive law for the hinges (axial force vs. axial deformation) is derived on the basis of an extensive parametric analysis of the main factors affecting the response of TF masonry panels subjected to horizontal loading. The parameters studied are related to the geometric features of the panel and the strength of wood as well as the connections of the timber elements. The parametric analysis is performed using a micro-model based on Hill-type plasticity and it is shown that in the studied X-braced walls the masonry infills do not make a significant contribution to the lateral load resistance. Empirical expressions are proposed for the yield and maximum displacement and shear of a horizontally loaded TF panel. The model is verified against available experimental data, and is found to capture well the envelopes of the experimental loops. The model is readily applicable to NL static analysis (pushover) analysis for the assessment of the lateral load capacity of TF masonry buildings, as the number of input parameters for deriving the constitutive law has been limited to only five.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Engineering Structures. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Engineering Structures, Volume 75, 15 September 2014, Pages 489–506,
Publisher Keywords: Timber-framed masonry, Lateral load capacity, Empirical macro-model, Timber connections, Pushover analysis, Axial non-linear hinges
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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