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Novel Sensor Design Using Photonic Crystal Fibres for Monitoring the Onset of Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures

McCague, C., Fabian, M., Karimi, M. , Bravo, M., Jaroszewicz, L. R., Mergo, P., Sun, T. & Grattan, K. T. V. (2014). Novel Sensor Design Using Photonic Crystal Fibres for Monitoring the Onset of Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 32(5), pp. 891-896. doi: 10.1109/JLT.2013.2293120


In this paper, a novel sensing technique has been designed and investigated for the direct, in-situ detection of steel corrosion distributed in reinforced concrete structures. At present, structural health monitoring (SHM) in reinforced concrete structures is generally focused on monitoring the corrosion risk of the reinforcing steel. It is of significant importance, however, to inform industry of both the onset of corrosion and the corrosion rate as these are key contributors to structural degradation and thus evaluating the service life of the structures. This paper aims to address the above challenges by describing a novel corrosion sensor design using birefringent photonic crystal fibres (PCFs). The technique exploits fully both the birefringence of the fibres for force/pressure measurement and their very low temperature sensitivity to detect the onset of corrosion. This new type of sensor not only determines the onset of corrosion but also allows for better monitoring along the length of a reinforcement bar.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2014 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Optical fibre sensors (OFSs), photonic crystal fibre (PCF), pressure sensor, fibre loop mirror, structural health monitoring
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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