City Research Online

Large-eddy simulation of two-dimensional dunes in a steady, unidirectional flow

Omidyeganeh, M. & Piomelli, U. (2011). Large-eddy simulation of two-dimensional dunes in a steady, unidirectional flow. Journal of Turbulence, 12(42), pp. 1-31. doi: 10.1080/14685248.2011.609820


We performed large-eddy simulations of the flow over a typical two-dimensional dune geometry at laboratory scale (the Reynolds number based on the average channel height andmean velocity is 18,900) using the Lagrangian dynamic eddy-viscosity subgrid-scale model. The results are validated by comparison with simulations and experiments in the literature. The flowseparates at the dune crest, generating a shear layer that plays a crucial role in the transport of momentum and energy, and the generation of coherent structures. The turbulent kinetic energy budgets show the importance of the turbulent transport and mean-flow advection in the bulk flow above the shear layer. In the recirculation zone and in the attached boundary layers production and dissipation are the most important terms. Large, coherent structures of various types can be observed. Spanwise vortices are generated in the separated shear layer due to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability; as they are advected, they undergo lateral instabilities and develop into horseshoe-like structures, are tilted downward, and finally reach the surface. The ejection that occurs between the legs of the vortex creates the upwelling and downdrafting events on the free surface known as "boils." Near-wall turbulence, after the reattachment point, is affected by large streamwise Taylor-Görtler vortices generated on the concave part of the stoss side, which affect the distribution of the near-wall streaks.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Turbulence on 31 Oct 2011, available online:
Publisher Keywords: Environmental turbulent flows, Large-eddy simulations, Turbulent boundary layers
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
[thumbnail of Large-eddy.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Version
Download (6MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login