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Manual restraint of adult psychiatric inpatients: a literature review

Stewart, D., Bowers, L., Simpson, A. , Ryan, C. & Tziggili, M. (2009). Manual restraint of adult psychiatric inpatients: a literature review. JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC AND MENTAL HEALTH NURSING, 16(8), pp. 749-757. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2009.01475.x


Relatively little is known about the prevalence of manual restraint to manage violent or challenging behaviour in hospital psychiatric services or the circumstances of its use. This review identified 45 empirical studies of manual restraint of adult psychiatric inpatients, mostly from the UK. On average, up to five episodes per month of manual restraint might be expected on an average 20 bed ward. Episodes last around ten minutes, with about half involving the restraint of patients on the floor, usually in the prone position. Manually restrained patients tend to be younger, male and detained under mental health legislation. Staff value restraint related training but its impact on nursing practice has not been evaluated. Research has tended to focus on official reports of violent incidents rather than manual restraint per se. Larger and more complex studies are needed to examine how manual restraint is used in response to different types of incident and in different service settings.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: Stewart, D., Bowers, L., Simpson, A., Ryan, C. & Tziggili, M. (2009) Manual restraint of adult psychiatric inpatients: a literature review. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 16(8), 749-757, which has been published in final form at DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2009.01475.x.
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Nursing
SWORD Depositor:
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