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Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Membrane Elements Subjected to Bidirectional Shear Loads

Labib, M., Moslehy, Y. & Ayoub, A. (2013). Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Membrane Elements Subjected to Bidirectional Shear Loads. ACI Structural Journal, 110(6), pp. 1033-1043.


The shear design and behavior of a typical membrane reinforced concrete (RC) element has been extensively studied in the past several decades. Such design requires knowledge of the constitutive behavior of RC elements subjected to a shear stress acting along its plane (in-plane shear). These constitutive models were accurately derived from experimental test data on representative RC panel elements. The true behavior of many large, complex structures, however, involves interaction between the in-plane and out-of-plane shear stresses acting on the RC element. To investigate this interaction, large-scale tests on representative concrete panels need to be conducted. The University of Houston is equipped with a unique universal panel testing machine that was used for this purpose. The panel tester enhanced the understanding of the in-plane shear behavior of RC elements. Recently, 10 additional hydraulic jacks were mounted in the out-of-plane direction of the universal panel tester to facilitate testing of concrete elements subjected to bidirectional and tridirectional shear stresses. The experimental program included designing, fabricating, instrumenting, and testing full-scale RC elements. The elements were subjected to different combinations of in-plane and out-of-plane shear loads. A strong interaction between in-plane shear strength and out-of-plane shear stresses was observed.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Plane shear; Transverse shear; Multi-directional loads; Panel testing
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
Text - Accepted Version
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