City Research Online

Category-based induction: An effect of conclusion typicality

Hampton, J. A. & Cannon, I. (2004). Category-based induction: An effect of conclusion typicality. Memory & Cognition, 32(2), pp. 235-243. doi: 10.3758/bf03196855


Category-based induction involves the willingness of a thinker to project some newly learned property of one or more classesof objects to another class on the basis of their sharedmembership in a common superordinate category. Previous research has established that the perceived strength of arguments of the form “Class A has Property P; therefore, Class B has Property P” is influenced by the similarity of A to B and by the typicality or representativeness of A in a shared category, superordinate to both A and B. (The nature of P is also crucial, but we do not examine it in this study.) There is, however, no prior evidence that the relation between B and the category is influential. Three experiments were designed to test whether the typicalityof B in the superordinate category also has an effecton inductive argument strength. By using multiple regression (Experiment 1) and an experimental design (Experiment 3), an effect of conclusion typicality was found, so that people are more willing to project properties to more typical conclusions. Experiment 2 ruled out conclusion familiarity as a potential confounding variable. The results are interpreted in the light of current models of category-based induction.

Publication Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Hampton Cannon M&C2004.pdf]
Download (94kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login