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Photoplethysmographic and SpO2 readings from the neonatal anterior fontanelle: a case study

May, J.M., Kyriacou, P. A., Honsel, M. & Petros, A. J. (2012). Photoplethysmographic and SpO2 readings from the neonatal anterior fontanelle: a case study. Paper presented at the 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 28-08-2012 - 01-09-2012, San Diego, USA. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346255


There is a need for a more reliable, noninvasive and alternative measurement site for the monitoring of arterial blood oxygen saturation in critically ill neonates when peripheral perfusion is poor. The anterior fontanelle, a unique anatomical feature of the neonate, has been presented as an alternative site for the estimation of arterial blood oxygen saturation (SpO2). A new fontanelle photoplethysmographic sensor and processing system has been developed to investigate fontanelle photoplethysmographic (PPG) signals and estimate SpO2 values at this anatomical location. Preliminary clinical trials have shown that good quality PPG signals with large amplitudes and high signal to noise ratio can be obtained from the neonatal fontanelle. The estimation of SpO2 values from the fontanelle were in broad agreement with a commercial foot pulse oximeter.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2012 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
[thumbnail of 2012 May et al IEEE EMBC San Diego 2012.pdf]
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