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How secure is ERTMS?

Gashi, I., Bloomfield, R., Bloomfield, R. E. and Stroud, R. (2012). How secure is ERTMS?. Paper presented at the Workshop on Dependable and Secure Computing for Large-scale Complex Critical Infrastructures (DESEC4LCCI), 25 September 2012, Herrenkrug, Germany.


This paper reports on the results of a security analysis of the European Railway Traffic Management System (ERTMS) specifications. ERTMS is designed to be fail-safe and the general philosophy of ‘if in doubt, stop the train’ makes it difficult to engineer a train accident. However, it is possible to exploit the fail-safe behaviour of ERTMS and create a situation that causes a train to halt. Thus, denial of service attacks are possible, and could be launched at a time and place of the attacker’s choosing, perhaps designed to cause maximum disruption or passenger discomfort. Causing an accident is more difficult but not impossible.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Co-hosted with the he 31st International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability and Security (SAFECOMP) 2012 conference.
Publisher Keywords: security assessment, safety-critical systems, ERTMS, railway signaling systems, safety and security interactions
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources > ZA4050 Electronic information resources
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Computer Science > Software Reliability
Date available in CRO: 07 Sep 2012 10:12
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