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Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of Personality Questionnaires: Structural survey with recommendations

Corr, P. J. (2016). Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of Personality Questionnaires: Structural survey with recommendations. Personality and Individual Differences, 89, pp. 60-64. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.045


The Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) of personality has attracted considerable psychometric attention and there now exists a number of questionnaires to measure its three main systems: the fight-flight-freeze system (FFFS, related to fear), the behavioural inhibition system (BIS, related to anxiety), and the behavioural approach system (BAS, related to hope and pleasure). This article provides an assessment of the structural properties of these questionnaires in the light of (a) theoretical issues, (b) operational translations, and (c) factor analytic solutions. This review highlights the different theoretical perspectives underlying these descriptive models. To clarify this literature and to assist RST researchers, this article outlines a number of recommendations to guide the choice of questionnaire(s) and interpretation of results - this discussion serves, too, to highlight some of the unresolved issues in RST that call for further conceptual and empirical attention.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Publisher Keywords: Personality; Approach; Avoidance; Goal conflict; Reinforcement sensitivity theory; Questionnaire
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
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