City Research Online

New routes to CSO sustainability: the strategic shift to social enterprise and social investment

Hailey, J. & Salway, M. (2016). New routes to CSO sustainability: the strategic shift to social enterprise and social investment. Development in Practice, 26(5), pp. 580-591. doi: 10.1080/09614524.2016.1188886


The issue of sustainability is becoming more important for civil society, as non-profits, NGOs, and other civil society organisations (CSOs) face a range of political, regulatory, organisational, and financial challenges. This article focuses on the crucial dimension of financial sustainability and the growing awareness of the importance of accessing alternative sources of funds and developing new funding models. These include accessing social investment, using subsidiary businesses to fund programme work, or developing new social enterprises. The article draws on analysis of the funding environment and specific examples to explore the different dimensions of sustainability, and assess why many CSOs are looking to new funding models and alternative routes to sustainability.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Development in Practice on 13 Jul 2016, available online:
Publisher Keywords: Civil society, NGOs, Aid, Capacity development
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Departments: Bayes Business School
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of DIP Article New Routes to CSO Sustainability Final Draft Published Aug 2016.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Download (555kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login