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Joint time-frequency representation of simulated earthquake accelerograms via the adaptive chirplet transform

Politis, N. P., Giaralis, A. & Spanos, P. D. (2006). Joint time-frequency representation of simulated earthquake accelerograms via the adaptive chirplet transform. In: Deodatis, G & Spanos, PD (Eds.), Computational Stochastic Mechanics (CSM-5). 5th International Conference on Computational Stochastic Mechanics (CSM-5), 21 - 23 June 2006, Rhodes, Greece.


Seismic accelerograms are inherently nonstationary signals since both the intensity and frequency content of seismic events evolve in time. The adaptive chirplet transform is a signal processing technique for joint time-frequency representation of nonstationary data. Analysis of a signal via the adaptive chirplet decomposition in conjunction with the Wigner-Ville distribution yields the so-called adaptive spectrogram which constitutes a valid representation of the signal in the time-frequency plane. In this paper the potential of this technique for capturing the temporal evolution of the frequency content of strong ground motions is assessed. In this regard, simulated nonstationary earthquake accelerograms compatible with an exponentially modulated and appropriately filtered Kanai-Tajimi spectrum are processed using the adaptive chirplet transform. These are samples of a random process whose evolutionary power spectrum can be represented by an analytical expression. It is suggested that the average of the ensemble of the adaptive chirplet spectrograms can be construed as an estimate of the underlying evolutionary power spectrum. The obtained numerical results show, indeed, that the estimated evolutionary power spectrum is in a good agreement with the one defined analytically. This fact points out the potential of the adaptive chirplet analysis for as a tool for capturing localized frequency content of arbitrary data- banks of real seismic accelerograms.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Publisher Keywords: chirplet decomposition, joint time-frequency analysis, non stationary random process, evolutionary power spectrum, earthquake accelerograms
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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