City Research Online

Free vibration of functionally graded beams and frameworks using the dynamic stiffness method

Banerjee, J. R. & Ananthapuvirajah, A. (2018). Free vibration of functionally graded beams and frameworks using the dynamic stiffness method. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 422, pp. 34-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jsv.2018.02.010


The free vibration analysis of functionally graded beams (FGBs) and frameworks containing FGBs is carried out by applying the dynamic stiffness method and deriving the elements of the dynamic stiffness matrix in explicit algebraic form. The usually adopted rule that the material properties of the FGB vary continuously through the thickness according to a power law forms the fundamental basis of the governing differential equations of motion in free vibration. The differential equations are solved in closed analytical form when the free vibratory motion is harmonic. The dynamic stiffness matrix is then formulated by relating the amplitudes of forces to those of the displacements at the two ends of the beam. Next, the explicit algebraic expressions for the dynamic stiffness elements are derived with the help of symbolic computation. Finally the Wittrick-Williams algorithm is applied as solution technique to solve the free vibration problems of FGBs with uniform cross-section, stepped FGBs and frameworks consisting of FGBs. Some numerical results are validated against published results, but in the absence of published results for frameworks containing FGBs, consistency checks on the reliability of results are performed. The paper closes with discussion of results and conclusions.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018 Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: Free vibration, Functionally graded beams, Dynamic stiffness method, Frameworks, Wittrick-Williams algorithm
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (312kB) | Preview



Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login