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Analysis of Fiber optic sensor embedding in metals by automatic and manual TIG welding

Grandal, T., Zornoza, A., Lopez, A. , Fraga, S., Sun, T. ORCID: 0000-0003-3861-8933 & Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832 (2019). Analysis of Fiber optic sensor embedding in metals by automatic and manual TIG welding. IEEE Sensors Journal, 19(17), pp. 7425-7433. doi: 10.1109/jsen.2019.2916639


In this paper, the embedding of fiber optic sensors in metals, by using both automatic and manual Tungsten Inert Gas welding (TIG) is discussed for nickel- and copper-coated Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBG) written into an optical fiber, as embedding such sensors in metals provides protection against environmental effects. In the investigation and analysis of the performance of a number of such sensors, copper-coated sensors were seen to lose their temperature and strain sensitivity while being embedded due to damage to the coating, while with a nickel coating the sensors in the fiber were found to withstand the process with a lesser effect on the sensor performance. The research has also shown that the Automatic TIG process used is less invasive than the manual TIG approach, although more expensive to implement.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Fiber optic sensors, metal embedded fiber optic sensors, TIG welding, Fiber Bragg Gratings
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of 0415A 0316 0312 Manuscript IEEE sensors v3.pdf]
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