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Automatic X-ray Image Segmentation and Clustering for Threat Detection

Kechagias-Stamatis, O., Aouf, N. ORCID: 0000-0001-9291-4077, Nam, D. & Belloni, C. (2017). Automatic X-ray Image Segmentation and Clustering for Threat Detection. In: Proceedings Volume 10432, Target and Background Signatures III. Target and Background Signatures III, 11-14 Sep 2017, Warsaw, Poland. doi: 10.1117/12.2277190


Firearms currently pose a known risk at the borders. The enormous number of X-ray images from parcels, luggage and freight coming into each country via rail, aviation and maritime presents a continual challenge to screening officers. To further improve UK capability and aid officers in their search for firearms we suggest an automated object segmentation and clustering architecture to focus officers’ attentions to high-risk threat objects. Our proposal utilizes dual-view single/ dual-energy 2D X-ray imagery and is a blend of radiology, image processing and computer vision concepts. It consists of a triple-layered processing scheme that supports segmenting the luggage contents based on the effective atomic number of each object, which is then followed by a dual-layered clustering procedure. The latter comprises of mild and a hard clustering phase. The former is based on a number of morphological operations obtained from the image-processing domain and aims at disjoining mild-connected objects and to filter noise. The hard clustering phase exploits local feature matching techniques obtained from the computer vision domain, aiming at sub-clustering the clusters obtained from the mild clustering stage. Evaluation on highly challenging single and dual-energy X-ray imagery reveals the architecture’s promising performance.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Copyright 2017 Society of Photo‑Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this publication for a fee or for commercial purposes, and modification of the contents of the publication are prohibited.
Publisher Keywords: Object Clustering; Object Segmentation; Threat Detection; X-ray Images
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
U Military Science
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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