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Measuring Gender in News Representations of Refugees and Asylum Seekers

Blumell, L. ORCID: 0000-0003-4608-9269 & Cooper, G. (2019). Measuring Gender in News Representations of Refugees and Asylum Seekers. International Journal of Communication, 13,


This study examines the influence of gender in asylum news coverage. Through a content analysis of UK print and online news media (N = 2,018), we examine the gender of the reporter and the gender of the refugee or asylum seeker. The individual and routines levels of gatekeeping are used to show how both impact news coverage. All reporters used a similar story format, but women reporters focused significantly more on women, health and social issues, and culture and sports. Women reporters also used more nongovernment sources. Men reporters covered terrorism and violence committed by refugees and asylum seekers significantly more. Reporting by men receives greater prominence as men reporters had twice as many bylines as women reporters. Furthermore, men refugees and asylum seekers were identified eight times more than women—but mostly in connection to crime, terrorism, and violence. Women refugees and asylum seekers were usually connected to health and social issues.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2019 (Lindsey E. Blumell and Glenda Cooper). Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd). Available at
Publisher Keywords: refugees, asylum seekers, gender, news topics, source use, gatekeeping
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
P Language and Literature > PN Literature (General)
Departments: School of Communication & Creativity > Journalism
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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