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3D High-Resolution Cardiac Segmentation Reconstruction From 2D Views Using Conditional Variational Autoencoders

Biffi, C., Cerrolaza, J. J., Tarroni, G. ORCID: 0000-0002-0341-6138, de Marvao, A., Cook, S. A., O'Regan, D. P. and Rueckert, D. (2019). 3D High-Resolution Cardiac Segmentation Reconstruction From 2D Views Using Conditional Variational Autoencoders. 2019 IEEE 16th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2019), doi: 10.1109/ISBI.2019.8759328

Abstract

Accurate segmentation of heart structures imaged by cardiac MR is key for the quantitative analysis of pathology. High-resolution 3D MR sequences enable whole-heart structural imaging but are time-consuming, expensive to acquire and they often require long breath holds that are not suitable for patients. Consequently, multiplanar breath-hold 2D cines sequences are standard practice but are disadvantaged by lack of whole-heart coverage and low through-plane resolution. To address this, we propose a conditional variational autoencoder architecture able to learn a generative model of 3D high-resolution left ventricular (LV) segmentations which is conditioned on three 2D LV segmentations of one short-axis and two long-axis images. By only employing these three 2D segmentations, our model can efficiently reconstruct the 3D high-resolution LV segmentation of a subject. When evaluated on 400 unseen healthy volunteers, our model yielded an average Dice score of 87.92 ± 0.15 and outperformed competing architectures (TL-net, Dice score = 82.60 ± 0.23, p = 2.2 · 10 -16 ).

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Cardiac MR; Variational Autoencoder; 3D Segmentation Reconstruction; Deep Learning
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Computer Science
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23146
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