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Evaluation of Toughness of High Strength Low Alloy (HSLA) Steels as a Function of Carbon Content

Qaban, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-2982-8429 and Naher, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-2047-5807 (2019). Evaluation of Toughness of High Strength Low Alloy (HSLA) Steels as a Function of Carbon Content. International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering (IJMPE), 7(5), pp. 53-56.

Abstract

The influence of carbon content on the microstructure and toughness of HSLA steel at room temperature was investigated based on experimental work and literature. It was revealed that increasing the carbon content in from 0.06 to 0.14 wt-% is detrimental to toughness, giving higher impact transition temperature. The deterioration of toughness was correlated to undesired changes in the microstructure, which showed an increase in pearlite volume fraction at the expense of ferrite. At high carbon content, cementite of pearlite was found to grow more rapidly to form continuous plates which act as preferred sites for crack nucleation and propagation. In addition, the lamellar spacing of the pearlite increased as a function of carbon content, which in turn gave worse toughness. The presence of high carbon content and carbide forming elements in the chemical composition was more detrimental to toughness due to the formation of thick carbides around the grain boundaries. These carbides act as a path for crack propagation, which makes it easy for cracks to cohere, leading to intergranular fracture. Keywords - HSLA steel, Carbon, Brittleness, Toughness, Impact Transition Temperature (ITT).

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: HSLA steel, Carbon, Brittleness, Toughness, Impact Transition Temperature (ITT)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23292
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