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Predictable events elicit less visual and temporal information uptake in an oddball paradigm

Saurels, B. W., Lipp, O. V., Yarrow, K. ORCID: 0000-0003-0666-2163 & Arnold, D. H. (2019). Predictable events elicit less visual and temporal information uptake in an oddball paradigm. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, doi: 10.3758/s13414-019-01899-x


In the visual oddball paradigm, surprising inputs can seem expanded in time relative to unsurprising repeated events. A horizontal input embedded in a train of successive vertical inputs can, for instance, seem relatively protracted in time, even if all inputs are presented for an identical duration. It is unclear if this effect results from surprising events becoming apparently protracted, or from repeated events becoming apparently contracted in time. To disambiguate, we used a non-relative duration reproduction task, in which several standards preceded a test stimulus that had to be reproduced. We manipulated the predictability of test content over successive presentations. Overall, our data suggest that predictable stimuli induce a contraction of apparent duration (Experiments 1, 3, and 4). We also examine sensitivity to test content, and find that predictable stimuli elicit less uptake of visual information (Experiments 2 and 3). We discuss these findings in relation to the predictive coding framework.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. The final authenticated version is available online at:
Publisher Keywords: Time perception, Oddball, prediction, visual sensitivity
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
Text - Accepted Version
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