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Influence of diesel fuel viscosity on cavitating throttle flow simulations at erosive operation conditions

Cristofaro, M., Edelbauer, W., Koukouvinis, P. ORCID: 0000-0002-3945-3707 and Gavaises, M. ORCID: 0000-0003-0874-8534 (2020). Influence of diesel fuel viscosity on cavitating throttle flow simulations at erosive operation conditions. ACS Omega, 5(13), pp. 7182-7192. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.9b03623

Abstract

This work investigates the effect of liquid fuel viscosity, as specific by the European Committee for Standardization 2009 (European Norm) for all automotive fuels, on the predicted cavitating flow in micro-orifice flows. The wide range of viscosities allowed, leads to a significant variation of orifice nominal Reynolds numbers for the same pressure drop across the orifice. This in turn, is found to affect flow detachment, formation of large-scale vortices and micro-scale turbulence. A pressure-based compressible solver is used on the filtered Navier-Stokes equations using the multi-fluid approach; separate velocity fields are solved for each phase that share a common pressure. The rates of evaporation and condensation are evaluated with a simplified model based on the Rayleigh-Plesset equation; the Coherent Structure Model is adopted for the sub-grid scales modeling in the momentum conservation equation. The test case simulated is a well reported benchmark throttled flow channel geometry, referred to as ’I-channel’; this has allowed for easy optical access for which flow visualization and LIF measurements allowed for validation of the developed methodology. Despite its simplicity, the Ichannel geometry is found to reproduce the most characteristic flow features prevailing in high-speed flows realized in cavitating fuel injectors. Following, the effect of liquid viscosity on integral mass flow, velocity profiles, vapor cavities distribution and pressure peaks indicating locations prone to cavitation erosion are reported.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2020 14:33
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23936
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